Dynamics of granular segregation in quasi two-dimensional system
Department of Chemical Engineering, Gharda Institute of Technology Lavel, Khed, Ratnagiri 415 708 India
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Published online: 30 June 2017
Segregation during flow of granular materials is important from an industrial point of view. Considerable work has been done on granular segregation in heap flows by continuous pouring. We studied the flow and segregation of granular mixtures during heap formation in a quasi two-dimensional rectangular bin by intermittent pouring. The heap formed by repeatedly pouring a fixed mass of the mixture. Each feeding results in the formation of a layer of the mixture on the surface of the heap. The system is a simplified model for the feeding of raw materials to a blast furnace, which is widely used for the manufacture of iron and steel. Experiments were carried out to study the dynamics of granular materials during heap formation. The number density, area fraction and average velocity of small and big particles are plotted across the flowing depth with time. Results shows that larger particles are always on top flowing over small particles. During flow small particles easily percolate through the gaps between the large particles. A thin layer of small particles is also observed at the free surface. Here the system never reached a steady state as we are pouring the mixture intermittently and system is closed. The velocity increases initially and then decreases towards the end. The number density (i.e. area fraction) profile changes for small and big particles during flow. Image analysis is done to detect the position of each particle on the side wall. Each experiment is repeated six times to get average data.
© The Authors, published by EDP Sciences, 2017
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