Discharge flow of a granular media from a silo: effect of the packing fraction and of the hopper angle
1 Laboratoire FIMAS, Université de Béchar, B.P 417 Béchar 08000, Algérie
2 Aix-Marseille Univ., CNRS, IUSTI UMR 7343, 13013 Marseille, France
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Published online: 30 June 2017
Silos are widely used in the industry. While empirical predictions of the flow rate, based on scaling laws, have existed for more than a century (Hagen 1852, translated in  - Beverloo et al. ), recent advances have be made on the understanding of the control parameters of the flow. In particular, using continuous modeling together with a mu(I) granular rheology seem to be successful in predicting the flow rate for large numbers of beads at the aperture (Staron et al., ). Moreover Janda et al. have shown that the packing fraction at the outlet plays an important role when the number of beads at the apeture decreases.
Based on these considerations, we have studied experimentally the discharge flow of a granular media from a rectangular silo. We have varied two main parameters: the angle of the hopper, and the bulk packing fraction of the granular material by using bidisperse mixtures. We propose a simple physical model to describe the effect of these parameters, considering a continuous granular media with a dilatancy law at the outlet. This model predicts well the dependance of the flow rate on the hopper angle as well as the dependance of the flow rate on the fine mass fraction of a bidisperse mixture.
© The Authors, published by EDP Sciences, 2017
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