FEM × DEM: a new efficient multi-scale approach for geotechnical problems with strain localization
Grenoble-INP, UGA, CNRS UMR5521, Laboratoire 3SR, 1270 rue de la Piscine, Domaine Universitaire, Saint-Martin-d’Hères, BP53, 38041 Grenoble Cedex 9, France
Published online: 30 June 2017
The paper presents a multi-scale modeling of Boundary Value Problem (BVP) approach involving cohesive-frictional granular materials in the FEM × DEM multi-scale framework. On the DEM side, a 3D model is defined based on the interactions of spherical particles. This DEM model is built through a numerical homogenization process applied to a Volume Element (VE). It is then paired with a Finite Element code. Using this numerical tool that combines two scales within the same framework, we conducted simulations of biaxial and pressuremeter tests on a cohesive-frictional granular medium. In these cases, it is known that strain localization does occur at the macroscopic level, but since FEMs suffer from severe mesh dependency as soon as shear band starts to develop, the second gradient regularization technique has been used. As a consequence, the objectivity of the computation with respect to mesh dependency is restored.
© The Authors, published by EDP Sciences, 2017
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