Discharge flow of granular media from silos with a lateral orifice and injection of air
1 Aix-Marseille Univ., CNRS, IUSTI UMR 7343, 13013 Marseille, France
2 Institut de Radioprotection et de Sûreté Nucléaire (IRSN), PSN-RES, SEMIA, LIMAR, Cadarache, St Paul-Lez-Durance, 13115 France
3 Sorbonne Universités, UPMC Univ Paris 06, CNRS UMR 7190, Institut ∂′Alembert, F-75005 Paris, France
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Published online: 30 June 2017
Few studies concern the prediction of the mass flow rate of a granular media discharged from a silo with a lateral orifice. However, this situation can have pratical interest considering a tank of granular material with a leak on its side. We studied experimentally the discharge of a vertical silo filled by spherical glass beads. We consider rectangular silos with a rectangular orifice. The impact of size, aspect ratio and position of the orifice and the effect of an additional air flow were studied. The measured parameters are the mass flow rate and the pressure along the silo, whereas the controlled parameters are the size of particles, and the flow rate of air. We identified two regimes of discharge according to the aspect ratio (of width to height) of the rectangular orifice. Increasing the air flow rate induces an increase of the granular media flow rate. Using a simple physical model to describe the grains and gas flow, we put in evidence the role played by the air pressure gradient at the outlet. Then we compared the experimental results with continuum Navier-Stokes simulations with the granular μ(I)-rheology. We showed that the continuum μ(I)-rheology describes well our discharge flow of granular media from silos, taking into account the effect of the position of the orifice as well as the coupling with the gas flow.
© The Authors, published by EDP Sciences, 2017
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