Dry granular avalanche impact force on a rigid wall of semi-infinite height
1 Univ. Grenoble-Alpes, Irstea, ETGR, 38402 St-Martin d’Hères, France
2 Berne University of Applied Sciences, School of Agricultural, Forest and Food Science HAFL, Länggasse 85, CH-3052 Zollikofen, Switzerland
Published online: 30 June 2017
The present paper tackles the problem of the impact of a dry granular avalanche-flow on a rigid wall of semi-infinite height. An analytic force model based on depth-averaged shock theory is proposed to describe the flow-wall interaction and the resulting impact force on the wall. Provided that the analytic force model is fed with the incoming flow conditions regarding thickness, velocity and density, all averaged over a certain distance downstream of the undisturbed incoming flow, it reproduces very well the time history of the impact force actually measured by detailed discrete element simulations, for a wide range of slope angles.
© The Authors, published by EDP Sciences, 2017
This is an Open Access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License 4.0, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.