Volume fraction instability in an oscillating non-Brownian iso-dense suspension.
1 Laboratoire FAST, Univ. Paris Sud, CNRS, Université Paris-Saclay, F-91405, Orsay, France
2 Universidad de Buenos-Aires, Facultad de Ingeniería, Grupo de Medios Porosos, CONICET, Paseo Colǿn 850, 1063 Buenos Aires, ( Argentina).
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Published online: 30 June 2017
The instability of an iso-dense non-Brownian suspension of polystyrene beads of diameter 40 μm dispersed in a water-glycerol mixture submitted to a periodic square wave oscillating flow in a Hele-Shaw cell is studied experimentally. The instability gives rise to stationary bead concentration waves transverse to the flow. It has been observed for average particle volume fractions between 0.25 and 0.4, for periods of the square wave flow variation between 0.4 and 10 s and in finite intervals of the amplitude of the fluid displacement. The study shows that the wavelength λ increases roughly linearly with the amplitude of the oscillatory flow; on the other hand, λ is independent of the particle concentration and of the period of oscillation of the flow although the minimum threshold amplitude for observing the instability increases with the period.
© The Authors, published by EDP Sciences, 2017
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