Effective friction of granular flows made of non-spherical particles
1 Institute for Solid State Physics and Optics, Wigner Research Centre for Physics, Hungarian Academy of Sciences, P.O. Box 49, H-1525 Budapest, Hungary
2 Physique et Mécanique des Milieux Hétérogènes, PMMH UMR 7636 ESPCI – CNRS – Univ. Paris-Diderot – Univ. P.M. Curie, 10 rue Vauquelin, 75005 Paris, France
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Published online: 30 June 2017
Understanding the rheology of dense granular matter is a long standing problem and is important both from the fundamental and the applied point of view. As the basic building blocks of granular materials are macroscopic particles, the nature of both the response to deformations and the dissipation is very different from that of molecular materials. In the absence of large gradients, the best approach formulates the constitutive equation as an effective friction: for sheared granular matter the ratio of the off-diagonal and the diagonal elements of the stress tensor depends only on dynamical parameters, in particular the inertial number. In this work we employ numerical simulations to extend this formalism to granular packings made of frictionless elongated particles. We measured how the shape of the particles affects the effective friction, volume fraction and first normal stress difference, and compared it to the spherical particle case. We had to introduce polydispersity in particle size in order to keep the systems of the more elongated particles disordered.
© The Authors, published by EDP Sciences, 2017
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