Multiscale modeling of transport of grains through granular assemblies
1 Universidad Politécnica de Madrid, ETSI de Caminos, Canales y Puertos, Madrid ( Spain )
2 Université Grenoble Alpes, CNRS, Lab. 3SR, Grenoble ( France )
3 Université de Nantes, CNRS, Institut GeM, Saint-Nazaire ( France )
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Published online: 30 June 2017
We investigate the transport of moderately large passive particles through granular assemblies caused by seeping flows. This process can only be described by highly nonlinear continuum models, since the local permeability, the advection and dispersion mechanisms are strongly determined by the concentration of transported particles. Particles may sometimes get temporally trapped and thus proper kinetic mass transfer models are required. The mass transfer depends on the complexity of the porous medium, the kind of interaction forces and the concentration of transported particles. We study these two issues by means of numerical and laboratory experiments. In the laboratory we use an oedo-permeameter to force sand grains to move through a gravel bed under conditions of constant hydraulic pressure drop. To understand the process, numerical experiments were performed to approach particle transport at the grain scale with a fully coupled method. The DEM-PFV combines the discrete element method with a pore scale finite volume formulation to solve the interstitial fluid flow and particle transport problems. These experiments help us to set up a continuum transport model that can be used in a boundary value problem.
© The Authors, published by EDP Sciences, 2017
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