Determination of the equivalent intergranular void ratio - Application to the instability and the critical state of silty sand
1 Geotechnical Engineering Division, University of Transport Technology, Hanoi, Vietnam
2 Irstea, RECOVER Research Unit, IRSTEA, Aix-en-Provence, France
3 Ecole Centrale de Nantes, France
* Corresponding author: firstname.lastname@example.org
Published online: 30 June 2017
This paper presents an experimental study of mechanical response of natural Camargue silty sand. The analysis of test results used the equivalent intergranular void ratio instead of the global void ratio. The calculation of equivalent intergranular void ratio requires the determination of parameter b which represents, physically, the fraction of active fines participating on the chain forces network, hence the strength of the soil. A new formula for determining the parameter b by using an approach based on the coordination number distribution and probability calculation is proposed. The validation of the developed relationship was done through back-analysis of published datasets in literature on the effect of fines content on silty sand behavior. It is shown that the equivalent intergranular void ratio calculated with the b value obtained by the new formula is able to provide strong correlation to not only the critical state of but also the onset of instability of various silty sands, in different terms as peak deviator stress, peak stress ratio or cyclic resistance. Therefore, it is suggested that the use of the equivalent void ratio concept and the new b calculating formula is highly desirable in predicting of the silty sand behavior.
© The Authors, published by EDP Sciences, 2017
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