Stopping dynamics of a steady uniform granular flow over a rough incline
1 Sorbonne Universités, UPMC Université, Paris 6, CNRS UMR 7190, Institut Jean le Rond d’Alembert, F-75005 Paris, France
2 Surface du Verre et Interface, UMR 125, CNRS/Saint-Gobain, 93303 Aubervilliers, France
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Published online: 30 June 2017
Granular material flowing on complex topographies are ubiquitous in industrial and geophysical situations. Even model granular flows are difficult to understand and predict. Recently, the frictional rheology μ(I) -describing the ratio of the shear stress to the normal stress as a function of the inertial number I, that compares inertial and confinement effects- allows unifying different configurations of granular flows. However it does not succeed in describing some phenomenologies, such as creep flow, deposit height, … Is it attributable to the rheology, to non-local effects, ...? Here, we consider a thin layer of grains flowing steadily and uniformly on a rough incline, when the input mass flow rate is suddenly stopped. We focus on the arrest dynamics by using both experimental and numerical approaches. We measure the height and surface velocities of the granular layer during the long-time stopping dynamics and we compare our experimental results with computations of depthaveraged equations for a fluid of rheology μ(I).
© The Authors, published by EDP Sciences, 2017
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