Sample similarity analysis of angles of repose based on experimental results for DEM calibration
1 Institute for Materials Handling, Material Flow and Logistics Technical University of Munich, Boltzmannstraße 15, 85748 Garching, Germany
2 Institute for Sensing Control Measurement and Precision Machining Technology Dalian University of Technology, Linggong Road 2, Ganjingzi District, Dalian, Liaoning
* Corresponding author: email@example.com
Published online: 30 June 2017
As a fundamental material property, particle-particle friction coefficient is usually calculated based on angle of repose which can be obtained experimentally. In the present study, the bottomless cylinder test was carried out to investigate this friction coefficient of a kind of biomass material, i.e. willow chips. Because of its irregular shape and varying particle size distribution, calculation of the angle becomes less applicable and decisive. In the previous studies only one section of those uneven slopes is chosen in most cases, although standard methods in definition of a representable section are barely found. Hence, we presented an efficient and reliable method from the new technology, 3D scan, which was used to digitize the surface of heaps and generate its point cloud. Then, two tangential lines of any selected section were calculated through the linear least-squares regression (LLSR), such that the left and right angle of repose of a pile could be derived. As the next step, a certain sum of sections were stochastic selected, and calculations were repeated correspondingly in order to achieve sample of angles, which was plotted in Cartesian coordinates as spots diagram. Subsequently, different samples were acquired through various selections of sections. By applying similarities and difference analysis of these samples, the reliability of this proposed method was verified. Phased results provides a realistic criterion to reduce the deviation between experiment and simulation as a result of random selection of a single angle, which will be compared with the simulation results in the future.
© The Authors, published by EDP Sciences, 2017
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