Numerical modelling of suffusion by discrete element method: a new internal stability criterion based on mechanical behaviour of eroded soil
1 Normandie Univ, Unihavre, UMR 6294 CNRS, LOMC, 76600 le Havre, France
2 UMR CNRS 8579, LTDS, Ecole Nationale d’Ingénieurs de Saint Etienne, France
3 UMR CNRS , Laboratoire MSS-Mat, CentraleSupélec, France
* Corresponding author: email@example.com
Published online: 30 June 2017
Non-cohesive soils subjected to a flow may have a behavior in which fine particles migrate through the interstices of the solid skeleton formed by the large particles. This phenomenon is termed internal instability, internal erosion or suffusion, and can occur both in natural soil deposits and also in geotechnical structures such as dams, dikes or barrages. Internal instability of a granular material is its inability to prevent the loss of its fine particles under flow effect. It is geometrically possible if the fine particles can migrate through the pores of the coarse soil matrix and results in a change in its mechanical properties. In this work, we uses the three-dimensional Particle Flow Code (PFC3D/DEM) to study the stability/instability of granular materials and their mechanical behavior. Kenney and Lau criterion sets a safe boundary for engineering design. However, it tends to identify stable soils as unstable ones. The effects of instability and erosion, simulated by clipping fine particles from the grading distribution, on the mechanical behaviour of glass ball samples were analysed. The mechanical properties of eroded samples, in which erosion is simulated and gives a new approach for internal stability. A proposal for a new internal stability criterion is established, it is deduced from the analysis of relations between the mechanical behaviour and internal stability, including material contractance.
© The Authors, published by EDP Sciences, 2017
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