Doubly-polarised pion photoproduction on the nucleon at MAMI
1 Dipartimento di Fisica, Università degli Studi di Pavia, I-27100 Pavia, Italy
2 INFN, Sezione di Pavia, I-27100 Pavia, Italy
a e-mail: email@example.com
Published online: 12 April 2017
The A2 Collaboration at MAMI (Mainz) carried out new measurements of the helicity dependence of the total inclusive photo-absorption cross section and of the partial cross sections for several reaction channels on the proton and on the neutron in the photon energy region 200 < Eγ < 1500 MeV.
The experiments were performed at the tagged photon beam facility of the MAMI accelerator in Mainz, using circularly and linearly polarised photons on longitudinally polarised proton, deuteron and 3He targets. Hadronic reaction products were detected by the large acceptance Crystal Ball-TAPS spectrometer, complemented by plastic scintillators and vertex detectors for charged particle tracking and identification.
These new, high-quality doubly-polarised pion-photoproduction data sets provide a valuable input to the study of the nucleon structure and excitation spectrum by significantly constraining the electromagnetic multipole evaluation performed by the different available partial wave analysis models. Furthermore, the helicity dependent observables provide the main ingredient for the verification of the well-known Gerasimov-Drell-Hearn (GDH) sum rule, which relates the helicity-dependent photoasborption process to the main static nucleon properties (mass, charge, spin).
© The Authors, published by EDP Sciences, 2017
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