Experimental investigation of cavitation induced air release
1 Ruhr University Bochum, Chair of Process Technology, Universitätsstr. 150, 44801 Bochum, Germany
2 Ruhr University Bochum, Chair of Particle Technology, Universitätsstr. 150, 44801 Bochum, Germany
3 Ruhr University Bochum, Chair of Hydraulic Fluid Machinery, Universitätsstr. 150, 44801 Bochum, Germany
* Corresponding author: firstname.lastname@example.org
Published online: 12 May 2017
Variations in cross-sectional areas may lead to pressure drops below a critical value, such that cavitation and air release are provoked in hydraulic systems. Due to a relatively slow dissolution of gas bubbles, the performance of hydraulic systems will be affected on long time scales by the gas phase. Therefore predictions of air production rates are desirable to describe the system characteristics. Existing investigations on generic geometries such as micro-orifice flows show an outgassing process due to hydrodynamic cavitation which takes place on time scales far shorter than diffusion processes. The aim of the present investigation is to find a correlation between global, hydrodynamic flow characteristics and cavitation induced undissolved gas fractions generated behind generic flow constrictions such as an orifice or venturi tube. Experimental investigations are realised in a cavitation channel that enables an independent adjustment of the pressure level upstream and downstream of the orifice. Released air fractions are determined by means of shadowgraphy imaging. First results indicate that an increased cavitation activity leads to a rapid increase in undissolved gas volume only in the choking regime. The frequency distribution of generated gas bubble size seems to depend only indirectly on the cavitation intensity driven by an increase of downstream coalescence events due to a more densely populated bubbly flow.
© The Authors, published by EDP Sciences, 2017
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