Extensive Air Showers with unusual structure
1 Nazarbayev University, Physics Department, Astana, Kazakhstan
2 P. N. Lebedev Physical Institute of the Russian Academy of Sciences, Moscow, Russia
3 LLP “Institute of Physics and Technology”, Almaty, Kazakhstan
a e-mail: email@example.com
Published online: 26 June 2017
A total of 23500 Extensive Air Showers (EAS) with energies above ∼ 1016 eV have been detected during the ∼3500 hours of the Horizon-T (HT) detectors system operations before Aug. 2016. Among these EAS, more than a thousand had an unusual spatial and temporary structure that showed pulses with several maxima (modals or modes) from several detection points of the HT at the same time. These modes are separated in time from each other starting from tens to thousands of ns. These EAS have been called multi-modal. Analysis shows that the multi-modal EAS that have been detected by Horizon-T have the following properties: 1. Multi-modal EAS have energy above ∼1017 eV. 2. Pulses with several modes are located at large distances from the EAS axis. An overview of the collected data will be provided. General comments about the unusual structure of the multi-modal EAS will be presented.
© The Authors, published by EDP Sciences 2016
This is an Open Access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License 4.0 (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/).