Model-stable universality of the air shower electromagnetic component: An approach to solving the mass composition problem
Altai State University, 61 Lenin Ave., Barnaul 656049, Russia
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Published online: 26 June 2017
On the basis of the scaling approach and CORSIKA simulations data the radial scale factor of the lateral distribution of electrons in extensive air showers is confirmed as a potentially effective primary mass estimator, and its sensitivity to hadronic interaction model is investigated. It is shown that improved composition results both on average and event-by-event basis can be achieved taking into account the universality property of air shower development expressed by the relation between the radial scale factor and the longitudinal age parameter. The enhancements of such a theoretically motivated tool for an unbiased cosmic ray composition deduction in a wide primary energy range for current and future (multi-)hybrid air shower measurements are discussed.
© The Authors, published by EDP Sciences 2016
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