On the possible use of the MASURCA reactor as a flexible, high-intensity, fast neutron beam facility
1 Aix-Marseille University, Institut Fresnel, 13013 Marseille, France
2 CEA Cadarache, DER/SPRC, 13108 Saint-Paul-lez-Durance, France
3 University of Bologna, Department of Industrial Engineering, 40136 Bologna, Italy
a e-mail: email@example.com; firstname.lastname@example.org
Published online: 13 September 2017
In recent work [1, 2], we have shown that the MASURCA research reactor could be used to deliver a fairly-intense continuous fast neutron beam to an experimental room located next to the reactor core. As a consequence of the MASURCA favorable characteristics and diverse material inventories, the neutron beam intensity and spectrum can be further tailored to meet the users' needs, which could be of interest for several applications. Monte Carlo simulations have been performed to characterize in detail the extracted neutron (and photon) beam entering the experimental room. These numerical simulations were done for two different bare cores: A uranium metallic core (∼30% 235U enriched) and a plutonium oxide core (∼25% Pu fraction, ∼78% 239Pu). The results show that the distinctive resonance energy structures of the two core leakage spectra are preserved at the channel exit. As the experimental room is large enough to house a dedicated set of neutron spectrometry instruments, we have investigated several candidate neutron spectrum measurement techniques, which could be implemented to guarantee well-defined, repeatable beam conditions to users. Our investigation also includes considerations regarding the gamma rays in the beams.
© The Authors, published by EDP Sciences, 2017
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