Prompt particle emission in correlation with fission fragments
1 CEA, DEN, Cadarache, 13108 Saint-Paul-lez-Durance, France
2 CEA, DRF, IRFU, SPhN, Saclay, 91191 Gif-sur-Yvette, France
a e-mail: firstname.lastname@example.org
Published online: 13 September 2017
The de-excitation process of primary fission fragments can be simulated with the FIFRELIN Monte Carlo code leading to an estimation of prompt fission observables such as neutron/gamma multiplicities and spectra in correlation with fission fragments. De-excitation cascades are simulated using the notion of nuclear realization following Becvar terminology generalized to neutron/gamma coupled emission. A nuclear realization is a random set of nuclear levels (energy, spin, parity) in association with partial widths for neutron, gamma or electron emission. Experimental data related to electromagnetic transitions in the discrete level region are taken from RIPL-3 database. When nuclear level structure is completely unknown (in the continuum region), level density and strength function models are used. In between these regions, our partial knowledge of nuclear structure is completed by models up to a fixed maximum level density. In this way the whole available experimental information is accounted for. FIFRELIN is ruled by five free input parameters driving the excitation energy sharing, the rotational energy and the spin distribution of primary fission fragments. These five free parameters are determined to match a target observable such as the average total prompt neutron multiplicity (ν). Once this procedure is completed, the whole set of fission observables can be compared with experimental results. Obviously the number of observables obtained within this code is higher than what is available from measurements. This code can therefore provide useful insights into the compatibility between models and a whole set of fission observables. In the present work the influence of shell corrections is reported on level densities and prompt fission neutron spectra (PFNS). The impact of the input data such as primary fission fragment total kinetic energy (TKE) is also addressed. Average prompt neutron multiplicity as a function of TKE is also estimated for each mass split and compared to recent measurements. The presence of structures in the calculations (especially for light nuclei) is clearly related to the nuclear level scheme. Various situations occur and an overestimation (or underestimation) of the calculated number of emitted neutrons can be correlated to the light or heavy fragment of a pair and to a restricted energy range. In addition prompt fission gamma spectra (PFGS) are estimated for selected fragment mass ranges and compared to recent measurements. In this way the presence of specific gamma-ray transitions can be established.
© The Authors, published by EDP Sciences, 2017
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