Cross-sections of residual nuclei from deuteron irradiation of thin thorium target at energy 7 GeV
1 Joint Institute for Nuclear Research, Joliot-Curie 6, 141980 Dubna, Russian Federation
2 Faculty of Nuclear Sciences and Physical Engineering of the CTU in Prague, Brehova 7, 11519 Prague, Czech Republic
3 Nuclear Physics Institute of the CAS, Rez 130, 25068 Rez, Czech Republic
4 Brno University of Technology, Antoninska 548/1, 60190 Brno, Czech Republic
5 Institute for Advanced Studies “OMEGA”, Universitetskaya 19, 141980 Dubna, Russian Federation
a e-mail: firstname.lastname@example.org
Published online: 13 September 2017
The residual nuclei yields are of great importance for the estimation of basic radiation-technology characteristics (like a total target activity, production of long-lived nuclides etc.) of accelerator driven systems planned for transmutation of spent nuclear fuel and for a design of radioisotopes production facilities. Experimental data are also essential for validation of nuclear codes describing various stages of a spallation reaction. Therefore, the main aim of this work is to add new experimental data in energy region of relativistic deuterons, as similar data are missing in nuclear databases. The sample made of thin natural thorium foil was irradiated at JINR Nuclotron accelerator with a deuteron beam of the total kinetic energy 7 GeV. Integral number of deuterons was determined with the use of aluminum activation detectors. Products of deuteron induced spallation reaction were qualified and quantified by means of gamma-ray spectroscopy method. Several important spectroscopic corrections were applied to obtain results of high accuracy. Experimental cumulative and independent cross-sections were determined for more than 80 isotopes including meta-stable isomers. The total uncertainty of results rarely exceeded 9%. Experimental results were compared with MCNP6.1 Monte-Carlo code predictions. Generally, experimental and calculated cross-sections are in a reasonably good agreement, with the exception of a few light isotopes in a fragmentation region, where the calculations are highly under-estimated. Measured data will be useful for future development of high-energy nuclear codes. After completion, final data will be added into the EXFOR database.
© The Authors, published by EDP Sciences, 2017
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