Measurement of aluminum activation cross section and gas production cross section for 0.4 and 3-GeV protons
1 Nuclear Transmutation Division Facility and Application Development Section J-PARC/JAEA, Tokai-mura, Naka-gun, Ibaraki 319-1195, Japan
2 Materials and Life Science Division Neutron Source Section J-PARC/JAEA, Tokai-mura, Naka-gun, Ibaraki 319-1195, Japan
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Published online: 13 September 2017
To estimate the lifetime and the radiation dose of the proton beam window used in the spallation neutron source at J-PARC, it is necessary to understand the accuracy of the production cross section of 3-GeV protons. To obtain data on aluminum, the reaction cross section of aluminum was measured at the entrance of the beam dump placed in the 3-GeV proton synchrotron. Owing to the use of well-calibrated current transformers and a well-collimated beam, the present data has good accuracy. After irradiation, the cross sections of Al(p,x)7Be, Al(p,x)22Na-22 and Al(p,x)24Na were obtained by gamma-ray spectroscopy using a Ge detector. It was found that the evaluated data of JENDL/HE-2007 agree well with the current experimental data, whereas intra-nuclear cascade models (Bertini, INCL-4.6, and JAM) with the GEM statistical decay model underestimate by about 30% in general. Moreover, gas production, such as T and He, and the cross sections were measured for carbon, which was utilized as the muon production target in J-PARC. The experiment was performed with 3-GeV proton having beam power of 0.5 MW, and the gasses emitted in the process were observed using a quadrupole mass spectrometer in the vacuum line for beam transport to the mercury target. It was found that the JENDL/HE-2007 data agree well with the present experimental data.
© The Authors, published by EDP Sciences, 2017
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