Experimental investigation of the ECRH stray radiation during the start-up phase in Wendelstein 7-X
1 Max-Planck-Institut für Plasmaphysik, Greifswald, Germany
2 Ernst-Moritz-Arndt-Universität Greifswald, Greifswald, Germany
3 Eindhoven University of Technology, Eindhoven, The Netherlands
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Published online: 24 July 2017
Electron cyclotron resonance heating (ECRH) is the main heating mechanism in the Wendelstein 7-X stellarator (W7-X). W7-X is equipped with five absolutely calibrated sniffer probes that are installed in each of the five modules of the device. The sniffer probes monitor energy flux of unabsorbed ECRH radiation in the device and interlocks are fed with the sniffer probe signals. The stray radiation level in the device changes significantly during the start-up phase: plasma is a strong microwave absorber and during its formation the stray radiation level in sniffer probes reduces by more than 95%.
In this paper, we discuss the influence of neutral gas pressure and gyrotron power on plasma breakdown processes.
© The Authors, published by EDP Sciences, 2017
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