Update on the DIII-D ECH system: experiments, gyrotrons, advanced diagnostics, and controls
1 General Atomics, San Diego, CA USA
2 Calabazas Creek Research, San Mateo, CA, USA
3 Communications and Power Industries, Palo Alto, CA, USA
4 Pontificia Universidad Católica del Perú, Lima, Peru
5 University of Alabama, Tuscaloosa, AL, USA
Published online: 4 August 2017
The ECH system on DIII-D is continuing to be upgraded, while simultaneously being operated nearly daily for plasma experiments. The latest major hardware addition is a new 117.5 GHz gyrotron, which generated 1.7 MW for short pulses during factory testing. A new gyrotron control system based on Field Programmable Gate Array (FPGA) technology with very high speed system data acquisition has significantly increased the flexibility and reliability of individual gyrotron operation. We have improved the performance of the fast mirror scanning, both by increasing the scan speeds and by adding new algorithms for controlling the aiming using commands generated by the Plasma Control System (PCS). The system is used for transport studies, ELM control, current profile control, non-inductive current generation, suppression of MHD modes, startup assist, plasma density control, and other applications. A program of protective measures, which has been in place for more than two years, has eliminated damage to hardware and diagnostics caused by overdense operation. Other activities not directly related to fusion research have used the ECH system to test components, study methods for improving production of semiconductor junctions and materials, and test the feasibility of using ground based microwave systems to power satellites into orbit.
© The Authors, published by EDP Sciences, 2017
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