Assessment of safety distance between components of nuclear plant and study of the vulnerabiliy of the damage caused by an explosion
1 Physics Department, Universiti Teknologi Malaysia, 81310 Skudai, Johor, Malaysia
2 Energy Engineering Department Universiti Teknologi Malaysia, 81310 Skudai, Johor, Malaysia
3 Department of Physics, Ahmadu Bello University Zaria, Nigeria
⁎ Corresponding author: firstname.lastname@example.org
Published online: 23 October 2017
This paper deals with the assessment of external explosion, resulting from accidental release of jet fuel from the large commercial airliner in the nuclear power plant (NPP). The study used three widely prediction methods such as Trinitrotoluene (TNT), multi energy (TNO) and Baker-strehow (BST) to determine the unconfined vapour cloud explosion (UVCE) overpressure within the distances of 100-1400 m from the first impact location. The containment building was taken as the reference position. The fatalities of persons and damage of structures was estimated using probit methodology. Analysis of the results shows that both reactor building and control-room will be highly damaged with risk consequences and probability, depending on the assumed position of the crash. The structures at the radial distance of 600 m may suffer major structural damage with probability ranging from 25 to 100%. The minor structural damage was observed throughout the bounds of the plant complex. The people working within 250 m radius may get affected with different fatality ranging from 28 to 100%. The findings of this study is valuable to evaluate the safety improvement needed on the NPP site and on the risk and consequences associated with the hydrocarbon fuel release/fires due to external hazards.
© The authors, published by EDP Sciences, 2017
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