Fully non-inductive plasma start-up with lower-hybrid waves using the outboard-launch and top-launch antennas on the TST-2 spherical tokamak
1 The University of Tokyo, Kashiwa 277-8561, Japan
2 National Institute for Quantum and Radiological Science and Technology, Rokkasho 039-3212, Japan
3 General Atomics, San Diego, CA 92186, USA
* Corresponding author: firstname.lastname@example.org
Published online: 23 October 2017
Removal of the central solenoid is essential to realize an economical spherical tokamak fusion reactor, but non-inductive plasma start-up is a challenge. On the TST-2 spherical tokamak, non-inductive plasma start-up using lower-hybrid (LH) waves has been investigated. Using the capacitively-coupled combline (CCC) antenna installed at the outboard midplane, fully non-inductive plasma current ramp-up up to a quarter of that of the typical Ohmic discharges has been achieved. Although it was desirable to keep the density low during the plasma current ramp-up to avoid the LH density limit, it was recognized that there was a maximum current density that could be carried by a given electron density. Since the density needed to increase as the plasma current was ramped-up, the achievable plasma current was limited by the maximum operational toroidal field of TST-2. The top-launch CCC antenna was installed to access higher density with up-shift of the parallel index of refraction. Numerical analysis of LH current drive with the outboard-launch and top-launch antennas was performed and the results were qualitatively consistent with the experimental observations.
© The authors, published by EDP Sciences, 2017
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