The structure and optical properties of Lithium Niobate grown on quartz for photonics application
Laser and Optoelectronic Department, University of Technology, 10001 Baghdad, Iraq
2 Semiconductor Photonics & Integrated Lightwave Systems (SPILS), School of Microelectronic Engineering, University Malaysia Perlis, Pauh Putra Campus, Arau 02600 Malaysia
3 Laser Science Branch, University of Technology, 10001 Baghdad, Iraq
4 Institute of Nano Electronic Engineering, University Malaysia Perlis, 01000 Kangar, Perlis, Malaysia
* Corresponding author: email@example.com
Published online: 22 November 2017
This paper focuses on the structure and optical properties of Lithium niobate (LN) deposited on quartz substrate by sol-gel method. The solution was prepared at different molarity concentration and annealed at 500 °C. The LNs were analyzed by UV-visible, X-ray diffraction (XRD) and Scanning Electron Microscope (SEM). The results show that as the molar concentration increases, the films crystallization becomes more atomically distributed and the energy band gap approaches 4 eV. Transmission spectra were taken in the wavelength range of 400-1100 nm. Hexagonal structure was observed with good atoms distribution and homogeneous crystallization. There were two phases of LNs recorded in this work.
© The Authors, published by EDP Sciences, 2017
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