Optimizing bandwidth of fiber optical parametric amplifier with different combinations of higher-order dispersion coefficient signs
Faculty of Electrical and Electronic Engineering, Universiti Tun Hussein Onn Malaysia, 86400 Batu Pahat, Malaysia
* Corresponding author: firstname.lastname@example.org
Published online: 22 November 2017
This paper investigates the influence of different combinations of second-order (β2), fourth-order (β4) and sixth-order (β6) dispersion coefficient signs (negativity/positivity) to the fiber optical parametric amplifier gain performance. The numerical simulation has exploited the fourth-order Runge-Kutta method to solve the coupled amplitude equations which basically represent the parametric process of four-wave mixing. In the normal regime at which β2 is positive, the fiber optical parametric amplifier exhibits a poor gain spectrum and it is well performed once the pump is presumed to be in anomalous regime i.e. β2 is negative. The effect of β4 is significant when the signal wavelength is further from the pump wavelength and a wide amplification bandwidth is produced when the fiber have positive β4 in the anomalous regime. As for β6, unfortunately in this simulation its influences are hardly can be seen probably because of its small value regardless its sign, but, from phase-mismatch equation it is shown that its impact is prominent when the signal is positioned way far from the pump. All in all, this shown that the signs combination of the higher-order dispersion coefficients are significant in order to optimize the FOPA amplification bandwidth.
© The Authors, published by EDP Sciences, 2017
This is an Open Access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License 4.0, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/).