Determination of diffusion coefficients of various livestock antibiotics in water at infinite dilution
School of Chemical Engineering and Chemistry, Mapúa University 658 Muralla St., Intramuros, Manila 1002, Philippines
2 School of Microelectronic Engineering, University Malaysia Perlis (UniMAP), Kampus Alam, Pauh Putra, 02600 Arau, Perlis, Malaysia.
* Corresponding author: firstname.lastname@example.org
Published online: 22 November 2017
The fate of antibiotics entering the environment raised concerns on the possible effect of antimicrobial resistance bacteria. Prediction of the fate and transport of these particles are needed to be determined, significantly the diffusion coefficient of antibiotic in water at infinite dilution. A systematic determination of diffusion coefficient of antibiotic in water at infinite dilution of five different kinds of livestock antibiotics namely: Amtyl, Ciprotyl, Doxylak Forte, Trisullak, and Vetracin Gold in the 293.15 to 313.15 K temperature range are reported through the use of the method involving the electrolytic conductivity measurements. A continuous stirred tank reactor is utilized to measure the electrolytic conductivities of the considered systems. These conductivities are correlated by using the Nernst-Haskell equation to determine the infinite dilution diffusion coefficient. Determined diffusion coefficients are based on the assumption that in dilute solution, these antibiotics behave as strong electrolyte from which H+ cation dissociate from the antibiotic’s anion.
© The Authors, published by EDP Sciences, 2017
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