Nuclear Fission: from more phenomenology and adjusted parameters to more fundamental theory and increased predictive power
Department of Physics, University of Washington, Seattle, WA 98195-1560, USA
2 Faculty of Physics, Warsaw University of Technology, ulica Koszykowa 75, 00-662 Warsaw, POLAND
3 Pacific Northwest National Laboratory, Richland, WA 99352, USA
4 Nuclear and Chemical Science Division, Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory, Livermore, CA 94551, USA
5 Theoretical Division, Los Alamos National Laboratory, Los Alamos, NM 87545, USA
* e-mail: firstname.lastname@example.org
Published online: 22 November 2017
Two major recent developments in theory and computational resources created the favorable conditions for achieving a microscopic description of fission dynamics in classically allowed regions of the collective potential energy surface, almost eighty years after its discovery in 1939 by Hahn and Strassmann . The first major development was in theory, the extension of the Time-Dependent Density Functional Theory (TDDFT) [2–5] to superfluid fermion systems . The second development was in computing, the emergence of powerful enough supercomputers capable of solving the complex systems of equations describing the time evolution in three dimensions without any restrictions of hundreds of strongly interacting nucleons. Thus the conditions have been created to renounce phenomenological models and incomplete microscopic treatments with uncontrollable approximations and/or assumptions in the description of the complex dynamics of fission. Even though the available nuclear energy density functionals (NEDFs) are phenomenological still, their accuracy is improving steadily and the prospects of being able to perform calculations of the nuclear fission dynamics and to predict many properties of the fission fragments, otherwise not possible to extract from experiments.
© The Authors, published by EDP Sciences, 2017
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