Nuclear and hadron matter equation of state within the induced surface tension approach
Bogolyubov Institute for Theoretical Physics, Metrologichna str. 14 B, Kiev 03680, Ukraine
2 FIAS, Goethe-University, Ruth-Moufang Str. 1, 60438 Frankfurt upon Main, Germany
3 Kurchatov Institute, Russian Research Center, Akademika Kurchatova Sqr., Moscow, 123182, Russia
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Published online: 5 December 2017
We present a novel equation of state which is based on the virial expansion for the multicomponent mixtures with hard core repulsion. The suggested equation of state explicitly contains the surface tension which is induced by particle interaction. At high densities such a surface tension vanishes and in this way it switches the excluded volume treatment of hard core repulsion to its eigen volume treatment. The great advantage of the developed model is that the number of equations to be solved is two and it does not depend on the number of independent hard-core radii. Using the suggested equation of state we obtained a high quality fit of the hadron multiplicities measured at AGS, SPS, RHIC and ALICE energies and studied the properties of the nuclear matter phase diagram. It is shown the developed equation of state is softer than the gas of hard spheres and remains causal up to the several normal nuclear densities. Therefore, it could be applied to the neutron star interior modeling.
© The Authors, published by EDP Sciences, 2017
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