Constraining The Symmetry Energy (Far) Above Saturation Density Using Elliptic Flow
IFIN-HH, Reactorului 30, 077125 Magurele-Bucharest, Romania
* e-mail: firstname.lastname@example.org
Published online: 30 December 2017
A QMD transport model that employs a modified momentum dependent interaction (MDI2) potential, supplemented by a phase-space coalescence model fitted to experimental multiplicities of free nucleons and light clusters, is used to study the density dependence of the symmetry energy above the saturation point by a comparison with experimental elliptic flow ratios measured by the FOPI-LAND and ASYEOS collaborations for 197Au+197Au collisions at 400 MeV/nucleon impact energy. Comparing theoretical predictions with experimental data for neutron-to-proton and neutron-to-charged particles elliptic flow ratios the following constraint is extracted for the slope L and curvature Ksym of symmetry energy at saturation: L=59±24(exp)±16(th)±10(sys) MeV and Ksym=0±370(exp)±220(th)±150(sys) MeV. Theoretical errors are the result of poorer known model ingredients. Systematical uncertainties are generated by the inability of the transport model to reproduce experimental light-cluster-to-proton multiplicity ratios. A more accurate value for L, free of systematical theoretical uncertainties, can be extracted from the neutron-to-proton elliptic flow ratio alone: L=63±18(exp)±14(th) MeV.
© The Authors, published by EDP Sciences, 2017
This is an Open Access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License 4.0, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/).