Use of the Femtosecond Lasers in Ophthalmology
Ophthalmology Section, Department of Surgery, University Hospital of Messina, 98124 Messina, Italy
2 Department of Ophthalmology, Andrzej Frycz Modrzewski Kraków University, Cracow, Poland
* Corresponding author: firstname.lastname@example.org
Published online: 9 January 2018
Femtosecond laser (FSL) is an infrared laser with a wavelength of 1053 nm. FS laser works producing photodisruption or photoionization of the optically transparent tissue such as cornea. Currently FS lasers have a wide range of applications in ophthalmic surgery. They are used above all in corneal surgery in refractive procedures and keratoplasty, and recently in cataract surgery. The use of the FSL in corneal refractive surgery includes LASIK flap creation, astigmatic keratotomy, Femtosecond Lenticule Extraction (FLEx), Small Incision Lenticule Extraction (SMILE) and channels creation for implantation of the intrastromal corneal rings. As to the corneal grafting, the FS lasers are used in laser-assisted anterior and posterior lamellar keratoplasty and customized trephination in the penetrating keratoplasty. FS Laser Assisted Cataract Surgery (FLACS) includes capsulorrhexis and nuclear fragmentation that enhance safety and efficacy of the procedure.
© The Authors, published by EDP Sciences, 2018
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