Wave propagation simulation in the upper core of sodium-cooled fast reactors using a spectral-element method for heterogeneous media
DEN/DTN/STCP/LIET, CEA Cadarache, 13108 Saint Paul Lez Durance, France
LMA, CNRS UPR 7051, Université d’Aix-Marseille, Centrale Marseille, 13453 Marseille cedex 13, France email@example.com
Université d’Aix-Marseille, LMA UPR 7051 CNRS, 13625 Aix-en-Provence, France firstname.lastname@example.org
Published online: 10 January 2018
ASTRID project, French sodium cooled nuclear reactor of 4th generation, is under development at the moment by Alternative Energies and Atomic Energy Commission (CEA). In this project, development of monitoring techniques for a nuclear reactor during operation are identified as a measure issue for enlarging the plant safety. Use of ultrasonic measurement techniques (e.g. thermometry, visualization of internal objects) are regarded as powerful inspection tools of sodium cooled fast reactors (SFR) including ASTRID due to opacity of liquid sodium. In side of a sodium cooling circuit, heterogeneity of medium occurs because of complex flow state especially in its operation and then the effects of this heterogeneity on an acoustic propagation is not negligible. Thus, it is necessary to carry out verification experiments for developments of component technologies, while such kind of experiments using liquid sodium may be relatively large-scale experiments. This is why numerical simulation methods are essential for preceding real experiments or filling up the limited number of experimental results. Though various numerical methods have been applied for a wave propagation in liquid sodium, we still do not have a method for verifying on three-dimensional heterogeneity. Moreover, in side of a reactor core being a complex acousto-elastic coupled region, it has also been difficult to simulate such problems with conventional methods. The objective of this study is to solve these 2 points by applying three-dimensional spectral element method. In this paper, our initial results on three-dimensional simulation study on heterogeneous medium (the first point) are shown. For heterogeneity of liquid sodium to be considered, four-dimensional temperature field (three spatial and one temporal dimension) calculated by computational fluid dynamics (CFD) with Large-Eddy Simulation was applied instead of using conventional method (i.e. Gaussian Random field). This three-dimensional numerical experiment yields that we could verify the effects of heterogeneity of propagation medium on waves in Liquid sodium.
Key words: Acoustics / Acoustic simulation / Finite element analysis / Spectral-element method
© The Authors, published by EDP Sciences, 2018
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