Numerical Investigation on Electron and Ion Transmission of GEM-based Detectors
School of Physical Science, National Institute of Science Education and Research, Jatni, Khurda, India 752050
2 Applied Nuclear Physics Division, Saha Institute of Nuclear Physics, 1/AF, Bidhannagar, Kolkata, India 700064
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Published online: 21 February 2018
ALICE at the LHC is planning a major upgrade of its detector systems, including the TPC, to cope with an increase of the LHC luminosity after 2018. Different R&D activities are currently concentrated on the adoption of the Gas Electron Multiplier (GEM) as the gas amplification stage of the ALICE-TPC upgrade version. The major challenge is to have low ion feedback in the drift volume as well as to ensure a collection of good percentage of primary electrons in the signal generation process. In the present work, Garfield simulation framework has been adopted to numerically estimate the electron transparency and ion backflow fraction of GEM-based detectors. In this process, extensive simulations have been carried out to enrich our understanding of the complex physical processes occurring within single, triple and quadruple GEM detectors. A detailed study has been performed to observe the effect of detector geometry, field configuration and magnetic field on the above mentioned characteristics.
© The Authors, published by EDP Sciences, 2018
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