The gluon structure of hadrons and nuclei from lattice QCD
Center for Theoretical Physics, Massachusetts Institute of Technology Cambridge, MA 02139, USA
2 Department of Physics, College of William and Mary, Williamsburg, VA 23187-8795, USA
3 Thomas Jefferson National Accelerator Facility, 12000 Jefferson Avenue, Newport News, VA 23606, USA
* Speaker, e-mail: firstname.lastname@example.org
Published online: 26 March 2018
I discuss recent lattice QCD studies of the gluon structure of hadrons and light nuclei. After very briefly highlighting new determinations of the gluon contributions to the nucleon’s momentum and spin, presented by several collaborations over the last year, I describe first calculations of gluon generalised form factors. The generalised transversity gluon distributions are of particular interest since they are purely gluonic; they do not mix with quark distributions at leading twist. In light nuclei they moreover provide a clean signature of non-nucleonic gluon degrees of freedom, and I present the first evidence for such effects, based on lattice QCD calculations. The planned Electron-Ion Collider, designed to access gluon structure quantities, will have the capability to test this prediction, and measure a range of gluon observables including generalised gluon distributions and transverse momentum dependent gluon distributions, within the next decade.
© The Authors, published by EDP Sciences, 2018
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