A complex path around the sign problem
University of Maryland, College Park 20742 MD USA
* Speaker, e-mail: firstname.lastname@example.org
Published online: 26 March 2018
We review recent attempts at dealing with the sign problem in Monte Carlo calculations by deforming the region of integration in the path integral from real to complex fields. We discuss the theoretical foundations, the algorithmic issues and present some results for low dimensional field theories in both imaginary and real time.
© The Authors, published by EDP Sciences, 2018
This is an Open Access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License 4.0, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/).