Calm Multi-Baryon Operators
Institut für Kernphysik and Institute for Advanced Simulation, Forschungszentrum Jülich
2 Department of Physics, University of California, Berkeley
3 Nuclear Science Division, Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory
4 Department of Physics and Astronomy, University of North Carolina, Chapel Hill
1 RIKEN-BNL Research Center, Brookhaven National Laboratory
6 NVIDIA Corporation
7 Scientific Computing Group, Thomas Jefferson National Accelerator Facility
8 NERSC, Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory
9 Nuclear and Chemical Sciences Division, Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory
* Speaker, e-mail: email@example.com
Published online: 26 March 2018
There are many outstanding problems in nuclear physics which require input and guidance from lattice QCD calculations of few baryons systems. However, these calculations suffer from an exponentially bad signal-to-noise problem which has prevented a controlled extrapolation to the physical point. The variational method has been applied very successfully to two-meson systems, allowing for the extraction of the two-meson states very early in Euclidean time through the use of improved single hadron operators. The sheer numerical cost of using the same techniques in two-baryon systems has so far been prohibitive. We present an alternate strategy which offers some of the same advantages as the variational method while being significantly less numerically expensive. We first use the Matrix Prony method to form an optimal linear combination of single baryon interpolating fields generated from the same source and different sink interpolating fields. Very early in Euclidean time this optimal linear combination is numerically free of excited state contamination, so we coin it a calm baryon. This calm baryon operator is then used in the construction of the two-baryon correlation functions.
To test this method, we perform calculations on the WM/JLab iso-clover gauge configurations at the SU(3) flavor symmetric point with mπ~ 800 MeV — the same configurations we have previously used for the calculation of two-nucleon correlation functions. We observe the calm baryon significantly removes the excited state contamination from the two-nucleon correlation function to as early a time as the single-nucleon is improved, provided non-local (displaced nucleon) sources are used. For the local two-nucleon correlation function (where both nucleons are created from the same space-time location) there is still improvement, but there is significant excited state contamination in the region the single calm baryon displays no excited state contamination.
© The Authors, published by EDP Sciences, 2018
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