Magnetoelectric Effect in Lorentz-violating Extensions of the Standard Model
Lomonosov Moscow State University, Faculty of Physics, 1/2 Leninskie Gory, 119991 Moscow, Russia
2 Lebedev Physical Institute of the Russian Academy of Sciences, 53 Leninskiy Prospekt, 119991 Moscow, Russia
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Published online: 18 April 2018
We demonstrate that an atom placed in a constant background interacting with the electronic axial-vector current exhibits a new type of parity-breaking transverse magnetoelectric polarizability. Within beyond-Standard-Model (BSM) frameworks, such as the Lorentz-violating Standard Model Extension, such constant backgrounds are considered to be condensates of Planck-scale fields, thus, precision measurements of the magnetoelectric polarizability is able to constrain non-trivial BSM physics. Indeed, we demonstrate that the contribution to this effect within the Standard Model due to weak interaction is strongly suppressed, the effect virtually being purely exotic. We calculate magnetoelectric polarizability for a simple atom and discuss its observability.
© The Authors, published by EDP Sciences, 2018
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