Analogous Gamow-Teller and M1 Transitions in Tz = ±½ Mirror Nuclei and in Tz = ±1, 0 Triplet Nuclei relevant to Low-energy Super GT state
Research Center for Nuclear Physics, Osaka University, Ibaraki, Osaka 567-0047, Japan
2 Department of Physics, Osaka University, Toyonaka, Osaka 560-0043, Japan
3 Department of Physics, Tohoku University, Sendai 980-8578, Japan
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Published online: 16 May 2018
Nuclei have spin- and isospin-degrees of freedom. Therefore, Gamow-Teller (GT) transitions caused by the στ operator (spin-isospin operator) are unique tools for the studies of nuclear structure as well as nuclear interactions. They can be studied in β decays as well as charge-exchange (CE) reactions. Similarly, M1 γ decays are mainly caused by the στ operator. Combined studies of these transitions caused by Weak, Strong, and Electro-Magnetic interactions provide us a deeper understanding of nuclear spin-isospin-type transitions. We first compare the strengths of analogous GT and M1 transitions in the A = 27, Tz = ±½ mirror nuclei 27Al and 27Si. The comparison is extended to the Tz = ±1, 0 nuclei. The strength of GT transition from the ground state (g.s.) of 42Ca to the 0.611 MeV first Jπ = 1+ state in 42Sc is compared with that of the analogous M1 transition from the 0.611 MeV state to the T = 1, 0+ g.s. (isobaric analog state: IAS) in 42Sc. The 0.611 MeV state has the property of Low-energy Super GT (LeSGT) state, because it carries the main part of the GT strength of all available transitions from the g.s. of 42Ca (and 42Ti) to the Jπ = 1+ GT states in 42Sc.
© The Authors, published by EDP Sciences, 2018
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