Validation of laser-penetration- and electrical-conductivity-based methods of concentration measurement in flow with intense transport of coarse sediment
Faculty of Civil Engineering CTU in Prague, Department of Hydraulics and Hydrology, Thákurova 7, 16000 Prague, Czech Republic
* Corresponding author: firstname.lastname@example.org
Published online: 4 June 2018
Lack of experimentally determined information on inner structure of flows carrying large amount of coarse sediment is an important limitation for development and validation of appropriate mathematical models. Measurement of local flow properties is particularly difficult in case of coarse sediment due to specific features associated with high ratio of the sediment size to the flow depth. This paper focusses on two methods of evaluation of vertical concentration profiles in the flow of a mixture of plastic grains and water in a laboratory flume. The first one was proposed by B. Spinewine et al. in 2011 and it is based on the relation between concentration of solids and the depth of penetration of a laser stripe to the flow, which is evaluated from a high speed camera record. The second method is based on well-known relation between the concentration and electrical conductivity of a mixture sensed by immersed probe. A sensitivity analysis of both the methods is performed to show the most crucial parameters affecting accuracy of the results. The methods are validated on data measured in fluidization cell with controlled particle concentration. Presented results on flow show limitations and potential of the methods for laboratory studies on liquid-granular flow.
© The Authors, published by EDP Sciences, 2018
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