Modelling approaches for pipe inclination effect on deposition limit velocity of settling slurry flow
Institute of Hydrodynamics of Czech Academy of Sciences, Pod Patankou 30/5, 166 12 Prague 6, Czech Republic
* Corresponding author: email@example.com
Published online: 4 June 2018
The deposition velocity is an important operation parameter in hydraulic transport of solid particles in pipelines. It represents flow velocity at which transported particles start to settle out at the bottom of the pipe and are no longer transported. A number of predictive models has been developed to determine this threshold velocity for slurry flows of different solids fractions (fractions of different grain size and density). Most of the models consider flow in a horizontal pipe only, modelling approaches for inclined flows are extremely scarce due partially to a lack of experimental information about the effect of pipe inclination on the slurry flow pattern and behaviour. We survey different approaches to modelling of particle deposition in flowing slurry and discuss mechanisms on which deposition-limit models are based. Furthermore, we analyse possibilities to incorporate the effect of flow inclination into the predictive models and select the most appropriate ones based on their ability to modify the modelled deposition mechanisms to conditions associated with the flow inclination. A usefulness of the selected modelling approaches and their modifications are demonstrated by comparing model predictions with experimental results for inclined slurry flows from our own laboratory and from the literature.
© The Authors, published by EDP Sciences, 2018
This is an Open Access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License 4.0, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/).