Influence of boundary conditions on the hydrodynamic forces of an oscillating sphere
School of Engineering, Basilicata University, 85100 Potenza, Italy
2 Department of Civil and Environmental Engineering, Politecnico di Milano, 20133 Milano, Italy
* Corresponding author: email@example.com
Published online: 4 June 2018
The design of submerged structures in sea currents presents certain problems that are not only connected to the shape of the obstacle but also to the number of acting forces as well as the correct modelling of the structures dynamic response. Currently, the common approach is that of integrated numerical modelling, which considers the contribution of both current and structure. The reliability of such an approach is better verified with experimental tests performed on models of simple geometry. On the basis of these considerations, the present work analyses the hydrodynamic forces acting on a sphere, which is characterised by a low mass ratio and damping. The sphere is immersed in a free surface flow and can oscillate along the streamwise and transverse flow direction. It is located at three different positions inside the current: close to the channel bottom, near the free surface and in the middle, and equally distant from both the bottom and free surface. The obtained results for different boundaries and flow kinematic conditions show a relevant influence of the free surface on the hydrodynamic forces along both the streamwise and transverse flow directions.
© The Authors, published by EDP Sciences, 2018
This is an Open Access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License 4.0, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/).