Recent advances in characterisation of subsonic axisymmetric nozzles
Institute of Thermomechanics v.v.i., Czech Academy of Sciences, Dolejškova 5, 182 00 Praha-Kobylisy, Czech Republic
a Corresponding author: firstname.lastname@example.org
Published online: 4 June 2018
Nozzles are devices generating jets. They are widely used in fluidics and also in active control of flows past bodies. Being practically always a component of larger system, design and optimisation of the system needs characterisation of nozzle properties by an invariant quantity. Perhaps surprisingly, no suitable invariant has been so far introduced. This article surveys approaches to characterisation quantities and presents several examples of their typical use in systems such as parallel operation of two nozzles, matching a nozzle to its fluid supply source, apparent resistance increase in flows with pulsation, and the secondary invariants of a family of quasi-similar nozzles.
© The Authors, published by EDP Sciences, 2018
This is an Open Access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License 4.0, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/).