Instantaneous fluid force acting on a circular cylinder control by a small rod
Department of Mechanical Engineering, The National Defense Academy, 1-10-20 Hashirimizu, Yokosuka, Kanagawa 238-8686 Japan
Published online: 4 June 2018
Two unique bluff body flow control methods using a small rod have been proposed in previous studies. The first is the forced reattachment method, which is a type of separated shear layer control. This method reduces drag and generates a lift. The second is the front rod method, which involves the placement of a small rod upstream of the bluff body to control the incoming flow and reduce drag. This paper describes the features of the instantaneous fluid force achieved using these flow control methods. These methods were experimentally applied to a cylinder, and the instantaneous pressure field and the flow visualizations of these methods are presented. When the forced reattachment method was applied, a lift force was generated, and the vibration was less than that in the case of the front rod method. When the front rod method was applied, the drag force was reduced by over 50% in comparison with those in the uncontrolled case and the case with the forced reattachment method.
© The Authors, published by EDP Sciences, 2018
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