Gluons, Heavy and Light Quarks in the QCD Vacuum
National University of Uzbekistan
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Published online: 3 August 2018
We are discussing the properties of the QCD vacuum which might be important especially for the understanding of hadrons with small quark core size ~ 0:3 fm: We assume that at these distances the QCD vacuum can be described by the Instanton Liquid Model (ILM). At larger distances, where confinement is important, ILM should be extended to Dyons Liquid Model (DLM). The ILM has only two free parameters, average instanton size ρ ≈ 0:3 fm and average inter-instanton distance R ≈ 1 fm, and can successfully describe the key features of light hadron physics. One of the important conceptual results was prediction of the momentum dependent dynamical quark mass M ~ (packing f raction)1/2 ρ-1 ≈ 360 MeV, later confirmed numerically by evaluations in the lattice. The estimates show that gluon-instanton interaction strength is also big and is controlled by the value of dynamical gluon mass Mg ≈ M. Heavy quarks interact with instantons much weaker. The heavy quark-instanton interaction strength is given by ΔmQ ~ packing fraction ρ-1 ≈ 70 MeV: Nevertheless, the direct instanton contribution to the colorless heavy-heavy quarks potential is sizable and must be taken into account. At small distances, where one-gluon exchange contribution to this potential is dominated, we have to take into account dynamical gluon mass Mg. Also, instantons are generating light-heavy quarks interactions and allow to describe the nonperturbative effects in heavy-light quarks systems.
© The Authors, published by EDP Sciences 2018
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