On bimodal size distribution of spin clusters in the onedimensional Ising model
Bogolyubov Institute for Theoretical Physics, Metrologichna str. 14 b, 03143 Kyiv, Ukraine
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Published online: 3 August 2018
The size distribution of geometrical spin clusters is exactly found for the onedimensional Ising model of finite extent. For the values of lattice constant β above some “critical value” βc the found size distribution demonstrates the non-monotonic behaviour with the peak corresponding to the size of the largest available cluster. In other words, for high values of the lattice constant there are two ways to fill the lattice: either to form a single largest cluster or to create many clusters of small sizes. This feature closely resembles the well-know bimodal size distribution of clusters which is usually interpreted as a robust signal of the first order liquid-gas phase transition in finite systems. It is remarkable that the bimodal size distribution of spin clusters appears in the one-dimensional Ising model of finite size, i.e. in the model which in thermodynamic limit has no phase transition at all.
© The Authors, published by EDP Sciences 2018
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