Modeling of a Dynamic Thermal Load Generated by a 7TeV Proton Beam Impacting the Beam Dump of the Large Hadron Collider at CERN
CERN - European Organization of Nuclear Research
* e-mail: email@example.com
** e-mail: firstname.lastname@example.org
Published online: 7 September 2018
The two beam dumps of the Large Hadron Collider (LHC), made up mostly of low-density graphite, are responsible for absorbing the high-energy particle beams when ejected from the accelerator. In the frame-work of the project to improve the luminosity in the LHC, the beam intensity will be increased by a factor of around two in the coming years. The dominant load on the dump assembly is the energy deposited in the material by the 7 TeV proton beam. Thermomechanical simulations have to be performed to ensure the safe operation of the dump through assessing the integrity in the future. To date, the particle beam contains an average energy of 370 MJ, which is sent to the dump in a sweep movement within around 80 µs. Based on the large dimensions of the dump core and considering the highly dynamic nature of this load, an explicit code like LS-Dyna® was deemed to be best suited for these studies. This paper presents the methodology proposed to model the discrete time structure of the load, caused by the interaction between the particle beam and the dump. Results of the application of this technique, to determine the temperature, stresses and wave propagation on the downstream wall of this device, are described here. In addition to the methodology of the load application, the results of standard quasi-static material tests on the low-density graphite material in the beam dump are presented, to assess the general nature of the material behavior. These experiments will be the basis for a dynamic test campaign to construct a comprehensive material model, as the graphite used in this device has never been fully characterized under such loading conditions.
© The Authors, published by EDP Sciences, 2018
This is an Open Access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0), which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.