Dynamic Compressive Behaviour of Closed-Cell Foam Materials Using Load-Measuring Apparatus with Opposite Load-Cells
Department of Mechanical Engineering, National Defense Academy,
2 Graduate Student, Graduate School of Science and Engineering, National Defense Academy, Kanagawa 239-8686, Japan
3 Department of Mechanical Engineering, Ritsumeikan University, 1-1-1 Noji-higashi, Kusatsu, Shiga 525-8577, Japan
* Corresponding author: email@example.com
Published online: 7 September 2018
It is necessary to evaluate the mechanical properties of foam materials at wide range of strain rates, since these materials have the strain rate dependence of strength. In this study, we evaluated the dynamic compressive behaviour of the closed-cell foam materials using the load-measuring apparatus with opposite load-cells, which is applying the drop-weight testing machine. In order to measure large deformation at dynamic strain rate range, universal rate range load-cell, which can reduce the influence of the reflected stress wave, was used. In addition, load equilibrium can evaluate using opposite load-cells which consist of movable (drop-weight) and stationary load-cells. In this study, the commercially available ALPORAS closed-cell aluminum foam was used. From the results of quasi-static tests, three deformation processes of elastic response, plateau deformation and densification were confirmed in stress-strain relation. Within the set of experiments, the closed-cell aluminum foam was locally deformed from cells with low strength and the stress variation occurred during plateau deformation, regardless of the strain rate. In addition, it was clarified that the stress equilibrium was not achieved at the dynamic strain rate. This is thought to be a phenomenon caused by local deformation of cell structure.
© The Authors, published by EDP Sciences, 2018
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