The performance of armour steels with pre-layers against fragment simulating projectiles
TNO Defence, Safety and Security, Laboratory for Ballistics Research,
Ypenburgse Boslaan 2,
* Corresponding author: firstname.lastname@example.org
Published online: 7 September 2018
Armour steels have proven to be promising solutions for protection against fragments from threat weapons. The area to cover for ship bulkheads is usually large, so cost of the raw material is an important driver. For new ships, additional mass can be compensated for in the design. Past research by TNO and other workers has shown that the ballistic limit V50 of armour steels against fragments is increased significantly by adding a front or pre-layer. This layer can be a variety of materials ranging from cardboard to glass. In TNO’s Laboratory for Ballistics Research a test program was conducted to study the effect of high pressure laminate, polymer and fire insulation pre-layers at the V50 and well above the ballistic limit. The high velocities are typically associated with fragments from relevant threats for warships. Fragment simulating projectiles were fired on armour steel plates of varying type and thickness with these pre-layers and measured the residual velocity and resulting hole sizes. The tests resulted in clear dependencies of the residual velocity as a function of impact velocity and pre-layer (type and thickness). Analysis of the data showed that there are several counteracting effects interacting when a pre-layer is applied to armour steel. The failure mechanism of the steel as well as the hardness and thickness of the pre-layer seem to influence the outcome of this interaction and hence the response of the steel to various pre-layers. The results of this research will be used in the design of fragment and blast resistant bulkheads for future naval ships.
© The Authors, published by EDP Sciences, 2018
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