Image reconstruction algorithms for the microwave holographic vision system with reliable gap detection at theoretical limits
Moscow Institute of Physics and Technology, Moscow Region, Russia
2 Higher School of Economics, Moscow, Russia
3 IFEVS & Torino e-District, Torino, Italy
* Corresponding author: firstname.lastname@example.org
Published online: 4 July 2018
We present a reliable image reconstruction algorithm suitable for a microwave holographic vision system with several sensors coupled to the spin-diode based microwave detector and a single emission source. An objective is, by reconstructing the spatial microwave scattering density on the scene, to detect the presence and the nature of road obstacles impeding driving in the near vehicle zone. The idea of holographic visualization is to reconstruct the spatial microwave scattering density of an object by detecting an amplitude and phase of a reflected signal by lattice of sensors. We discuss versions of an algorithm, determine and analyse its resolution limits for various distances with different number of sensors for a one-dimensional test problem of detecting two walls (or posts) separated by a gap at a fixed distance. The maximal interval between sensors needed for a reliable reconstruction equals approximately Fresnel zone width. We show that maximal resolution achieved by our algorithm with an appropriate number of sensors was about 40% of Fresnel zone width for wall detection and about 30% of zone width for gap detection.
© The Authors, published by EDP Sciences, 2018
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