Effect of aging on the magnetic properties of rapidly quenched Nd-rich Nd-Fe alloys
National University of Science and Technology «MISiS», Leninskiy pr. 4, Moscow, Russia
Corresponding author: email@example.com
Published online: 4 July 2018
The FexNd100-x (x = 14, 28) alloys were successfully prepared by melt-spinning. Hysteretic and thermomagnetic properties of the as-melt-spun alloys and short-aged ribbons were investigated. Both ribbons exhibit a soft magnetic behavior at room temperature but at 5 K, the coercive force (Hci) proliferated to 8.6 kOe and 11.7 kOe, respectively. Thermomagnetic measurements, Zero Field Cooling (ZFC) and Field Cooling (FC), demonstrated that the rise in magnetization of the ribbons at temperatures lower 34 K is associated with ferromagnetism of fcc Nd-Fe solid solution clusters. Positive effect of aging on the coercivity of the Fe14Nd86 and Fe28Nd72 ribbons was observed. At 300 K, Hci of the ribbons upsurge to 2 - 2.8 kOe after aging at 400 - 450°C for 15 minutes but sharply diminished after aging at temperatures higher than 500°C. It was suggested that the increase in RT coercivity during aging was as a result of the decomposition of the amorphous phase and formation of the hard magnetic Fe-rich clusters. For both ribbons aged at 500°C, the magnetic transition at 340 K was observed to be in relation to the TC of the Nd2Fe17 compound. The appearance of this soft magnetic phase in the microstructure of the aged ribbons was linked with the drastic diminution of the coercivity at that temperature.
© The Authors, published by EDP Sciences, 2018
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